Pneumococcal is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus. It is common for people to carry pneumococcus in their nose and throat, but not everyone exposed to the bacteria develops the disease. Some people become carriers while others progress to develop an infection.

Pneumococcal infection is contagious and can spread through coughing, sneezing or direct contact. The bacteria can then invade the lung, bloodstream, tissue and fluids around the brain and spinal cord, which cause pneumonia, bacteremia, meningitis. In severe cases, pneumococcal infections can even cause permanent brain damage or even death.

  • Chest pains when breathing and coughing
  • Changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older)
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Fever/chills
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Protects you against pneumococcal disease that can cause severe infection in:
    • Lungs (pneumonia)
    • Blood (bacteraemia)
    • Brain and spinal cord (meningitis)
    • Body tissues and organs (sepsis)


  • The evolution of the disease makes pneumococcal infections harder as it resists to some of the medicines that have been used. Therefore, it is essential to take pneumococcal vaccination today to prevent the disease.
  • Babies
  • Adults aged 65 or over
  • People who have weak immune systems (e.g. heavy drinkers, smoker), long-term health conditions, or those who receive major surgery.
  • People who are allergic to any component in the vaccine, please speak with our doctors before you decide to take the vaccine.
  • People who have high fever or is seriously ill at the time of the vaccination appointment should postpone it til recovered.
  • You can get it done any time of the year.
  • Babies receive the pneumococcal vaccine as three separate injections, at 8 weeks, 16 weeks and 1 year old.
  • People over 65 only require a single pneumococcal vaccination, which will protect for life.
  • Children and adults with certain long-term health conditions, such as heart disease, asthma or kidney conditions are recommended to check with our doctors for more details before taking the vaccine.